Micro-Project | Reconstruction post 2015 Earthquake
Simpani Gairigaun Lift Water Supply for Drinking and Economic Sustainability
Project Cost: $41,778
A powerful earthquake hit Nepal on 25 April 2015: it killed nearly 9,000 people and injured nearly 22,000. It was the worst natural disaster to strike Nepal since the 1934 Nepal–Bihar earthquake.
Hundreds of thousands of people were made homeless with entire villages flattened across the country.
After the immediate humanitarian response, efforts are still being deployed to reconstruct villages and infrastructure and get life back to normal. At Palms for Life we have identified an opportunity to join such effort thanks to a partnership with the World Food Programme Alumni Network’s Nepal chapter. A micro-project has been designed to restore livelihood for the families of Gairigaun in Kewalpur. The community has lost most of its water source which contributed to the loss of its existing water system and the people’s means of livelihood.
The project seeks funds to purchase and install pipes, water storage tanks and electrical pumps for the community in order to restore drinking water and the erstwhile subsistence economy which will also help the overall reconstruction efforts.
Full project proposal here.
Palms for Life Fund working in Namibia for the San people: the Oldest Inhabitants of Namibia. (1)
In early 2016, as Palms for Life developed a strategy to radically change the framework of Early Childhood Development in Swaziland, I became coincidentally aware of disturbing facts affecting children among the San communities in another African country, Namibia. I heard about the San people very early on during my college life at the Université Libre de Bruxelles thanks to my anthropology professor Luc de Heusch and the readings of Claude Levi Strauss. Now, as my work brings me closer to possibly helping the San children in Namibia, I feel highly motivated to try to do my share.
Therefore, after several days of doing my research, I discovered one dedicated organization called the Kalahari Peoples Fund and contacted them. Soon after, an amazing network opened up to me of people who currently work with the San communities or have worked in the past, people who have done comprehensive research and written rich testimonies of their work and other papers, people who annually volunteer to work in local San schools. A world of gems! I contacted them and presented a plan for Palms for Life to coordinate a Participatory Rapid Assessment of ECD among San communities. This was very well received since such research has not been done in the last 5 years. A document was drafted jointly with folks at the Kalahari Peoples Fund and is now being presented to potential funders. We are all amazed by our combined capacities and dedication to do something that might impact the lives of thousands of poor children in Namibia. Many reports state that thousands of San children do not attend school in Namibia and for the few who do attend school they have severe dropout rates; San children remain marginalized with poor life opportunities. If we are successful and can push for a new attempt to develop a sensible, participatory, community-based, differentiated, culturally-friendly ECD plan for the San children in Namibia, using local languages and framed within the local culture, then we will have given back to these people and their children the right to be part of the future of their nation. And for that matter, for humanity because of what the San people represent: the oldest inhabitants of Southern Africa. http://www.krugerpark.co.za/africa_bushmen.html
President of Namibia, Hage Geingob: What is even more encouraging for us to pursue this new program is reading about the current President of Namibia. What a special person and a fantastic ally to support our ECD proposal with the San communities. From Wikipedia I read that “Hage Geingob received his Ph.D. from the University of Leeds. His thesis was entitled “State Formation in Namibia: Promoting Democracy and Good Governance”. In his thesis, he examined significant events in the process of state formation in Namibia and provided an insight into the role played by various actors involved in shaping the evolution of Namibia as a state. He also examined the efforts of Namibians to build a reconciled society out of ethnically and racially stratified, diverse and often antagonistic groups, to promote democracy and a policy of reconciliation, to improve the life condition of the previously disadvantaged groups through affirmative action, to encourage good governance, to promote a culture of human rights, and to build state institutions to support these policies. Finally, he carried out a democratic audit of Namibia.”
“All children of the world are little Princesses and Princes. They deserve to start life on an equal foot, to grow with joy and dignity. And this is everyone’s business.”
(1) San are among the five populations with the highest measured levels of genetic diversity among 121 distinct African populations (Wikipedia)
Country Background: Burkina Faso is one of the least developed countries in the world and ranked 181 out of 187 countries in the United Nations Development Program’s (UNDP) 2011 Human Development Index. One major limitation is the weakness of its national capacities, in particular the human capital. About half of the population lives in poverty and the severity of poverty is higher for women than for men. Burkina Faso is poor in natural resources, has very limited rainfall, averaging about 350 mm in the north and 1000 mm in the southwest, and has no coastal access.
Eliminating Female Genital Mutilation
Location: Countrywide (Burkina Faso)
Executing Partner: Population Council
Participants: researchers, extension workers and all women committed to ending this violence
Funding needed: $14,723 for initial research phase and $500,000 for second phase
The project will first organize a series of training sessions in order to determine the prevalence of the FGM. A second phase of the project will be to continue the series of awareness, training and educational campaigns to ultimately eliminate the practice in the country. Today, despite the Law in 1996 that prohibits the practice and imposes fines on people who excise girls and women, clandestine excisions take place on a daily basis and mainly younger girls are being affected.
Promoting Low-Risk Sexual Behavior
Location: Ouagadougou (pilot phase) with extension to Bobo-Dioulasso, Tenkodogo, and Gaou
Executing Partner: Population Council and local partner organizations
Participants: 30 community leaders (first phase)
Funding needed: $8,700 (first phase)
The project will prepare 30 sex workers as leaders and models for other young women that engage in this profession and provide them with comprehensive life skills training to increase their self-esteem and put them in a better position to take care of their life, health, and relationships. The project will also help control the spread of HIV/AIDS (prevalence among the general population is 2.7%, however, among sex workers it was 8.5% and among their clients 4.1% in 2006). [divider_advanced color=”rgba(87,104,109,1)” thickness=”5″ top=”true”]
Country Background: Ethiopia — once the land of the earliest human beings, now a modern country of diverse cultures — has known war, famine and crippling poverty in its long history. It is one of the poorest countries in the world, with almost half the population living on 47 US cents per day. Scarcity of water remains one of the most troubling issues in the country, impeding not only physical well-being and food production, but also education and social progress. 11 percent of Ethiopians have access to potable water, and only 4 percent have access to sanitation. In both rural and urban areas, people are compelled to use water contaminated by animal and human waste. Water-borne diseases have little to check their spread, and epidemics occur frequently. Water scarcity severely affects agricultural and livestock production as well. Consider the immense reality that statement wraps: 83 percent of Ethiopians live in rural areas, and agriculture accounts for 85 percent of all employment. Reinforcing the magnitude of the problem, desertification and frequent droughts add to farmers’ and pastoralists’ challenges. With each difficult season, their capacity to cope with crop failures and falling livestock productivity is further lessened. Low availability of water has far-reaching social implications. Women and children spend hours each day fetching water—time diverted from economically gainful activities and childcare. Girls walk to remote water sources, risking abduction and rape, and sacrificing hours of school.
Water Supply, Sanitation and Hygiene Development in Pastoralist area of Ethiopia
Executing Partners: CISO & Wako Gutu Foundations
Funding applied for: $2 million for 3 year
The project targets two pastoralist districts in Ethiopia known for underserved and marginalized pastoralist dwellings and addresses the problems that drought brings to these populations. The project will bring water and sanitation to the participating communities in an integrated and sustainable way and will also consider drought-resilient activities such as harvesting and storing rainwater. Access to safe water supply in Ethiopia as a whole is available to no more than 25% of the population, and adequate sanitation facilities are available to perhaps 12% of the population (WHO and UNICEF, 2008).
Well-Digging in Rural Ethiopia with Sustainability, Health and Sanitation, and Training
Executing Partners: Wako Gutu Foundation
Funding applied for: $130,000
The project targets 3,100 vulnerable households, totaling 15,500 people, with a special emphasis on women-headed households, in lowland Bale Zone of Oromiya region mainly in the districts of Barbare and Dallo Manna Woredas. Several activities will be deployed to ensure the sustainability of the water scheme to be undertaken by the project such as: establishment of water users association; set up of cost recovery mechanism; and establishment of strong linkage with the relevant government offices. These activities include the provision of technical and management trainings and the involvement of traditional leaders.
Country Background: India has had an impressive economic growth in the last five years of over 5 percent a year with an overall impressive reduction in poverty by 10 percentage points. However, the country is marked by a “two Indias” phenomenon of growing inequality whereby the northern populous states have a growth rate of only 2 percent, and 35 percent of the population is poor, and in the better off southern states, poverty affects only 18 percent of the population. The increased poverty gap is a serious brake on poverty reduction.
In addition, with a population of over 1.2 billion, India’s natural resources are in increasing demand. Yet, these resources’ are facing severe threats to their capacity and sustainability as the effects of climate change are manifesting throughout the country. In India’s northern and eastern states, especially, the intensification of floods, drought and cyclones testifies to the expressions of climate change that are disparately impacting India’s most vulnerable population of small and marginal farmers.
Nearly 50 percent of the world’s hungry live in India which has also the world’s largest number of poor people per country with an estimated 350-400 million people living below the poverty line, 75 per cent of them in the rural areas.
About 350 million people are considered food-insecure, consuming less than 80 percent of minimum energy requirements.
Indicators about women also confirm the “two Indias” phenomenon. For instance, India has the world’s largest number of professionally qualified women and more working women than any other country in the world. On an average however, women in India are socially, politically and economically weaker than men.
Anemia in pregnant women causes 20 percent of infant mortality. More than half of the children under five are moderately or severely malnourished, or suffer from stunting.
While female literacy is 48 percent nationally, in poor areas it can go as low as 16 percent; 90 million children are out of school and a significant proportion of these are engaged in child labor.
57 percent of the girls are married before the age of 18. Undernourished girls who are married young give birth to low-birth-weight babies, thus perpetuating the problem of malnutrition and poverty.
According to UNAIDS/WHO, at the end of 2005, about 5,700,000 adults and children were living with HIV/AIDS and between 270,000 and 680,000 Indians died of AIDS in 2005. The incidence of HIV/AIDS and tuberculosis is higher among women than among men.
Enhancing Climate Resilience of Small Farmers through Biodiveristy and Sustainable Agriculture for Greater Food and Water Security in Northern India
Location: Northern India- Bihar, Rajasthan, Uttarakhand, West Bengal and Orissa
Executing Partner: Navdanya
Participants: 500 individual farmers
Funding needed: $2M for 3 years
The project will improve food and water security of small and marginal farmers by enhancing their climate resilience through sustainable agricultural practices and integrated water management systems. The project will transform 500 participating farmers, at least half of whom will be women, into core project leaders who will apply and disseminate these practices in their communities; and establish community seed banks and nurseries to collect and distribute bio-diverse climate-resilient agricultural inputs.
Country Background: In 1992 a peace agreement between FRELIMO and rebel Mozambique National Resistance forces ended 16 years of civil war. The conflict led to a massive number of refugees and an even greater amount of internally displaced people.
Although Mozambique has made some substantial progress since the 1992 peace agreement regarding poverty and human development it is still considered one of the poorest countries in the world. The country is still trying to adjust and recover and faces challenges due to unemployment, low agricultural production, limited infrastructure and lacking social services.
Poverty is still a major issue in the nation, with 78% of the population living on less than two dollars a day and 38% living on less than one dollar a day. Furthermore, 45% of the population is undernourished.
A serious challenge is the rising number of morbidity and mortality rates from HIV/AIDS. The AIDS prevalence rate is estimated at 16.2% and has contributed to reduced productivity, a reduction in GDP growth, and an immense social burden. The number of orphans is estimated to be 510,000 due to HIV/AIDS.
Over the past few years the educational situation has improved in Mozambique, with more opportunities for children to attend school and higher enrollment rates, but the system is not without its problems. The number of teachers has not grown in proportion to the rise in enrollment, however, the number of unqualified teachers is growing. The quality of education therefore remains low and gender disparities persist.
Food Production with Small Farmers Focusing on Women (2011)
Funding applied for: TBD
Executing Partner: Foundation for Community Development in partnership with AGRA
The project idea is to increase food security and income among women farmers in Mozambique, by providing them with credit, technical assistance and other agricultural inputs. The area that has been selected for this project is the Beira Corridor, which has a significant agricultural potential. .